3.1.4.A construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

3.1.4.B use a model to describe that animals receive different types of information through their senses, process the information in their brain, and respond to the information in different ways.



3.2.4.A use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.

3.2.4.Bmake and communicate observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.

3.2.4.C ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide.

3.2.4.Dapply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

3.2.4.Edevelop a model of waves to describe patterns in terms of amplitude and wavelength and that waves can cause objects to move.

3.2.4.F develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.

3.2.4.Ggenerate and compare multiple solutions that use patterns to transfer information.



3.3.4.A identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.

3.3.4.Bmake observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

3.3.4.Canalyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.

3.3.4.Dobtain and combine information to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment.

3.3.4.E generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.

Technology and Engineering (3-5)

Technology and Engineering (3-5)

3.5.3-5.Ause appropriate symbols, numbers and words to communicate key ideas about technological products and systems.

3.5.3-5.B examine information to assess the trade-offs of using a product or system.

3.5.3-5.Cfollow directions to complete a technological task.

3.5.3-5.D predict how certain aspects of their daily lives would be different without given technologies.

3.5.3-5.Eexplain why responsible use of technology requires sustainable management of resources.

3.5.3-5.F classify resources used to create technologies as either renewable or nonrenewable.

3.5.3-5.G describe the helpful and harmful effects of technology.

3.5.3-5.H determine factors that influence changes in a society’s technological systems or infrastructure.

3.5.3-5.I- design solutions by safely using tools, materials, and skills.

3.5.3-5.Jexplain how technologies are developed or adapted when individual or societal needs and wants change.

3.5.3-5.K judge technologies to determine the best one to use to complete a given task or meet a need.

3.5.3-5.L demonstrate how tools and machines extend human capabilities, such as holding, lifting, carrying, fastening, separating, and computing.

3.5.3-5.Mdemonstrate essential skills of the engineering design process.

3.5.3-5.Nidentify why a product or system is not working properly.

3.5.3-5.Odescribe requirements of designing or making a product or system.

3.5.3-5.Pevaluate the strengths and weaknesses of existing design solutions, including their own solutions.

3.5.3-5.Qpractice successful design skills.

3.5.3-5.Rapply tools, techniques, and materials in a safe manner as part of the design process.

3.5.3-5.S illustrate that there are multiple approaches to design.

3.5.3-5.T apply universal principles and elements of design.

3.5.3-5.Uevaluate designs based on criteria, constraints, and standards.

3.5.3-5.V interpret how good design improves the human condition.

3.5.3-5.Wdescribe the properties of different materials.

3.5.3-5.Xexplain how various relationships can exist between technology and engineering and other content areas.

3.5.3-5.Y identify the resources needed to get a technical job done, such as people, materials, capital, tools, machines, knowledge, energy, and time.

3.5.3-5.Zcreate a new product that improves someone’s life.

3.5.3-5.AA create representations of the tools people made, how they cultivated to provide food, made clothing, and built shelters to   protect themselves.

3.5.3-5.BB illustrate how, when parts of a system are missing, it may not work as planned.

3.5.3-5.CCdescribe how a subsystem is a system that operates as a part of another larger system.

3.5.3-5.DDdemonstrate how simple technologies are often combined to form more complex systems.

3.5.3-5.EE explain how solutions to problems are shaped by economic, political, and cultural forces.

3.5.3-5.FFcompare how things found in nature differ from things that are human-made, noting differences and similarities in how they are produced and used.

3.5.3-5.GGdescribe the unique relationship between science and technology, and how the natural world can contribute to the human-made world to foster innovation.

3.5.3-5.HH differentiate between the role of scientists, engineers, technologists, and others in creating and maintaining technological systems.

Environmental Literacy and Sustainability (3-5)

Environmental Literacy and Sustainability (3-5)

3.4.3-5.Aanalyze how living organisms, including humans, affect the environment in which they live, and how their environment affects them.

3.4.3-5.Bmake a claim about the environmental and social impacts of design solutions and civic actions, including their own actions.

3.4.3-5.C examine ways you influence your local environment and community by collecting and displaying data.

3.4.3-5.Ddevelop a model to demonstrate how local environmental issues are connected to larger local environment and human systems.

3.4.3-5.E construct an argument to support whether action is needed on a selected environmental issue and propose possible solutions.

3.4.3-5.Fcritique ways that people depend on and change the environment.

3.4.3-5.Ginvestigate how perspectives over the use of resources and the development of technology have changed over time and resulted in conflict over the development of societies and nations.