3.1.5.A support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water.

3.1.5.Bdevelop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.



3.2.5.Adevelop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.

3.2.5.Bmake and communicate observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.

3.2.5.Cinterpret and analyze data to make decisions about how to utilize materials based on their properties.

3.2.5.Dmeasure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances,  the total weight of matter is conserved.

3.2.5.Econduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.

3.2.5.Fsupport an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down.

3.2.5.Guse models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun.



3.3.5.A support an argument that differences in the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.

3.3.5.B represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

3.3.5.Cdevelop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.

3.3.5.D describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

3.3.5.E obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.

3.3.5.Fgenerate and design possible solutions to a current environmental issue, threat, or concern.

Technology and Engineering (3-5)

Technology and Engineering (3-5)

3.5.3-5.Ause appropriate symbols, numbers and words to communicate key ideas about technological products and systems.

3.5.3-5.B examine information to assess the trade-offs of using a product or system.

3.5.3-5.Cfollow directions to complete a technological task.

3.5.3-5.D predict how certain aspects of their daily lives would be different without given technologies.

3.5.3-5.Eexplain why responsible use of technology requires sustainable management of resources.

3.5.3-5.F classify resources used to create technologies as either renewable or nonrenewable.

3.5.3-5.G describe the helpful and harmful effects of technology.

3.5.3-5.H determine factors that influence changes in a society’s technological systems or infrastructure.

3.5.3-5.I- design solutions by safely using tools, materials, and skills.

3.5.3-5.Jexplain how technologies are developed or adapted when individual or societal needs and wants change.

3.5.3-5.K judge technologies to determine the best one to use to complete a given task or meet a need.

3.5.3-5.L demonstrate how tools and machines extend human capabilities, such as holding, lifting, carrying, fastening, separating, and computing.

3.5.3-5.Mdemonstrate essential skills of the engineering design process.

3.5.3-5.Nidentify why a product or system is not working properly.

3.5.3-5.Odescribe requirements of designing or making a product or system.

3.5.3-5.Pevaluate the strengths and weaknesses of existing design solutions, including their own solutions.

3.5.3-5.Qpractice successful design skills.

3.5.3-5.Rapply tools, techniques, and materials in a safe manner as part of the design process.

3.5.3-5.S illustrate that there are multiple approaches to design.

3.5.3-5.T apply universal principles and elements of design.

3.5.3-5.Uevaluate designs based on criteria, constraints, and standards.

3.5.3-5.V interpret how good design improves the human condition.

3.5.3-5.Wdescribe the properties of different materials.

3.5.3-5.Xexplain how various relationships can exist between technology and engineering and other content areas.

3.5.3-5.Y identify the resources needed to get a technical job done, such as people, materials, capital, tools, machines, knowledge, energy, and time.

3.5.3-5.Zcreate a new product that improves someone’s life.

3.5.3-5.AA create representations of the tools people made, how they cultivated to provide food, made clothing, and built shelters to   protect themselves.

3.5.3-5.BB illustrate how, when parts of a system are missing, it may not work as planned.

3.5.3-5.CCdescribe how a subsystem is a system that operates as a part of another larger system.

3.5.3-5.DDdemonstrate how simple technologies are often combined to form more complex systems.

3.5.3-5.EE explain how solutions to problems are shaped by economic, political, and cultural forces.

3.5.3-5.FFcompare how things found in nature differ from things that are human-made, noting differences and similarities in how they are produced and used.

3.5.3-5.GGdescribe the unique relationship between science and technology, and how the natural world can contribute to the human-made world to foster innovation.

3.5.3-5.HH differentiate between the role of scientists, engineers, technologists, and others in creating and maintaining technological systems.

Environmental Literacy and Sustainability (3-5)

Environmental Literacy and Sustainability (3-5)

3.4.3-5.Aanalyze how living organisms, including humans, affect the environment in which they live, and how their environment affects them.

3.4.3-5.Bmake a claim about the environmental and social impacts of design solutions and civic actions, including their own actions.

3.4.3-5.C examine ways you influence your local environment and community by collecting and displaying data.

3.4.3-5.Ddevelop a model to demonstrate how local environmental issues are connected to larger local environment and human systems.

3.4.3-5.E construct an argument to support whether action is needed on a selected environmental issue and propose possible solutions.

3.4.3-5.Fcritique ways that people depend on and change the environment.

3.4.3-5.Ginvestigate how perspectives over the use of resources and the development of technology have changed over time and resulted in conflict over the development of societies and nations.